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万年不变的GRE阅读,竟然出了新题型“改述题”?

2021-06-22 20:40:23

311 阅读

救命呀!

句意改述题只会出现在托福阅读吗?

现在GRE阅读考试竟然也出现了!

难道GRE阅读是向托福阅读的风格靠近呢?



No,no,no,你想得太简单了!要知道,ETS的考点,永远只会换汤不换药,老酒装在新瓶子里面,还是改变不了“老酒”的本质。


有些题目可能只是换了个问法,但是其实考查的本质依然还是那么回事。



下面付老师就和大家一起来看看这道“新题”:


Many French feminists hold that the rational and unemotive language of traditional philosophical discourse should be challenged by women, since it has been used for so long to defend systems that oppress women. The French feminist philosopher Catherine Clement, however, disagrees with feminists who refuse to use organized discursive language and who heckle female public speakers who do use such language: “To speak publicly in a theoretical fashion is, according to the hecklers, to assume the position of ‘the man.’ If these feminists are right, then rational argumentation and dialectics become inaccessible to women; their only permitted response to injustice would be an obtuse one, unthinking in its expression. Although rhetoric and philosophical discursiveness have been formed by centuries of male cultural domination, to renounce the exercise of thought, to dismiss it as male, is to perpetuate the status quo. Simply telling women to ‘Be feminists and shout your anger’ is merely…[a] variant of telling them to ‘Be beautiful and hold your tongue.


文章的内容比较清晰:


文章围绕 rational and unemotive language展开了讨论,女权主义大部分主张challenge这种理性的语言表达方式。


但是有一位叫CC的女性提出了不同的看法。


她认为女性如果纯粹去抵制这种理性的话其实是使得女性无法用理性去思考(to renounce the exercise of thought)。


导致的后果就是女性没有了思考力,男性主导地位维持原状

因此主张女性去challenge代表男权的rational language,其实本质上是让女性“hold their tongue”。


也就是使她们没有表达出任何有实质性的内容出来(限制了女性的思考力


读懂这篇文章的诀窍,依然是咱们课上经常强调过的

不要仅仅机械地去翻译文章,而是围绕文章的核心论点,把文章的信息整理成逻辑相关信息,才能看懂作者的真实表达目的。



下面我们再来看看这道题:


Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

Which of the following statements provides the best paraphrase for the final sentence of the passage?

 

A.Those feminists who try to recruit women to their cause by prescribing dramatic public actions have misread the attitudes of most women.

B.Women who have never studied the specialized discourse of philosophical disputation are unsuited to judge its potential utility to the feminist cause.

C.To demand that women renounce the language of rational argumentation is in reality to demand that they say nothing.

D.Prescribing the manner in which women should express themselves in public will guarantee their right to self-expression.

E.Encouraging women to adopt a more assertive tone in public will change presumptions some people have about women’s proper role.



题目问哪个选项为文章最后一句话提供了最准确的释义,也就是问哪个选项能够在原文语境下替换原句。


其实考查的本质,还是看我们有没有理解文章尾句的逻辑,有没有理解CC这个人真正质疑的点。


原文:Simply telling women to ‘Be feminists and shout your anger’ is merely…[a] variant of telling them to ‘Be beautiful and hold your tongue.’


让女性表达自己的不满,实质是在让女性啥也不说


结合前文的逻辑可知,因为单纯让女性抵制理性,其实是使得女性停止思考,从而啥也没表达。


对应到选项中就是C选项。



如果是已经系统上过课的同学,到这应该已经意识到了,这里就是我们阅读的信息题的一种考查形式,考点没有换,只是问法重新包装了一下而已。

所以不要害怕所谓的“新题”,只要核心的方法论掌握了,没有考点是会跑出咱们的知识体系范畴之外的。





还想学习更多、更体系的方法论,还想知道更多处理文章信息的方法,欢迎来到付老师的课堂,咱们一起学习。